Friday, October 20, 2017

Moon Walk

No-one has set foot on the Moon for several decades now. I look up at the moon most evenings when it is around and the Tavern is quiet, but have not seen much movement up there.  That may change in the easily foreseeable future. It is entirely possible that attempts to land on it again will happen in the next few, maybe ten, years although which nationality gets there to walk in American footsteps remains to be seen. 

The Japanese for example were orbiting one of their machines up there  a while ago and analysis of the data it sent back has shown a few promising signs of  possible solutions to long-standing problems.

Jay Bennett stopped by with some news. One major problem anyone going there will have to address is where to stay if they want to be there for more than a day or two.  There are no B&Bs or hotels up there let alone a Base. It may be that my Supplier, who gives us everything we need (with a little help from our own ingenuity) has set up some solutions ahead of our need. 
Scientists Scout Lunar Caverns As Possible Sites for a Moon Base
These underground networks of "lava tubes" could protect future astronauts from the harsh conditions on the moon.
For years, lunar scientists have been intrigued by pits and holes that pock the surface of the moon. Since 2009, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has hypothesized that some of these holes are actually skylights leading to vast underground networks of caves and caverns carved by lava flows in the moon's ancient past, known as lava tubes.
If such subterranean realms exist, they could be perfect for constructing habitats and research stations on the moon, safely shielded from the radiation and intense sunlight that bombards the lunar surface.
Recently, new research from NASA, JAXA, as well as the University of Padova and the University of Bologna in Italy has supported the idea that vast underground networks exist on the moon, stretching for dozens of miles, large enough to house city-sized colonies.
Radar data from JAXA's Kaguya spacecraft—which orbited the moon from 2007 to 2009 and is officially named SELENE—was analyzed to locate and measure the size of lava tubes on the moon. The new study, published this week in Geophysical Research Letters, measured an "echo pattern" at one of the sites of a possible lunar cavern among the moon's Marius Hills, a group of volcanic domes on the western edge of the near side of the moon.
Has the ring of a new suburb name about it. 
Similar echo patterns were measured at several other locations.
American scientists were able to support the readings with data from NASA's Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL), which orbited the moon between 2011 and 2012. The echo patterns, which show the radar data tapering off and then spiking in a second echo peak, correspond with locations where GRAIL measured lower gravitational forces on the moon, suggesting hollow areas beneath the surface.
"Intact lunar lava tubes offer a pristine environment to conduct scientific examination of the moon's composition and potentially serve as secure shelters for humans and instruments," reads the study. Using the data from Kaguya's Lunar Radar Sounder (LRS), researchers estimate the underground cave accessed through the Marius Hill skylight to be about 150 feet (46 meters) wide and 30 miles (48 kilometers) long.
In addition, the University of Padova and the University of Bologna in Italy recently conducted a study to compare lava tubes on Earth in locations such as Hawaii and Australia to those glimpsed through skylight holes on the moon and Mars.
These holes were likely created by impacting asteroids that penetrated the caverns beneath. Lava tubes are created when liquid hot rock near the core of a planet is thrust up through existing cracks and fissures as it jets toward the surface. These can leave vast caverns, but as demonstrated by the Italian study, presented last month at the 2017 European Planetary Science Congress, the size of these caverns varies significantly based on the gravitational forces of the planet.
"The comparison of terrestrial, lunar and martian examples shows that, as you might expect, gravity has a big effect on the size of lava tubes," said Riccardo Pozzobon, of the University of Padova, in a press release from the conference. "On Earth, they can be up to thirty meters across. In the lower gravity environment of Mars, we see evidence for lava tubes that are 250 meters in width. 
On the Moon, these tunnels could be a kilometer or more across and many hundreds of kilometers in length."
The matters of food and air  and water can be far more easily considered when 'shelter' is assured.   Living on the surface under 'bubbles' was always a bizarre idea, but underground in ready-carved spaces sounds far more promising.

Keep looking up.

Best done sitting down with a drink at hand. 

Raise a glass to the Great Supplier.



  1. Standing whilst looking up, with glass in hand, is not recommended, agreed.

    1. An acquired skill. Tuck the glass in. You will be right unless the deck is moving.


Ne meias in stragulo aut pueros circummittam.

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The Tavern gets rowdy visitors from time to time. Some are brain dead and some soul dead. They attack customers and the bar staff and piss on the carpets. Those people will not be allowed in anymore. So... Be Nice..